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OPLAN 34A

 

OPLAN 34A, approved in January 1964, was an operational plan to conduct unconventional warfare against North Vietnam. The covert campaign was an effort to get Hanoi to stop supporting the communist Viet Cong insurgency in South Vietnam. It was meant to apply pressure on Hanoi without significanly expanding the war.

There were several components of the plan that fell under the control of the Military Assistance Command Vietnam - Studies and Observations Group or MACV-SOG. OPLAN 34A included inserting saboteurs and intelligence agents into North Vietnam, conducting small martime commando raids along the coast of North Vietnam, and conducting psychological operations.


References

OPLAN 34A 1964. SOGSITE.
https://sogsite.com/oplan-34a-1964/

"The Gulf of  Tonkin Incident", NSA History.
https://www.nsa.gov/portals/75/documents/news-features/declassified-documents/gulf-of-tonkin/articles/release-2/rel2_gulf_tonkin_incident_desoto.pdf

Operation 34A. Wikipedia
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_34A

Military Assistance Command Vietnam and the CIA Finalize Operations Plan 34A
Vietnam War Commemoration
https://www.vietnamwar50th.com/1945-1964_the_road_to_war/Military-Assistance-Command-Vietnam-and-the-CIA-Finalize-Operations-Plan-34A/

"The Gulf of Tonkin Mystery", Cryptologic Quarterly
https://www.nsa.gov/portals/75/documents/news-features/declassified-documents/gulf-of-tonkin/articles/release-1/rel1_skunks_bogies.pdf

"Vietnam's Most Secret Squadron", Tip of the  Spear, January 2010, PDF, pages 33-39. Article provides a history of OPLAN 34A, MACV-SOG, and the 'First Flight' squadron.
https://www.socom.mil/TipOfTheSpear/January%202010%20Tip%20of%20the%20Spear.pdf

 

 

 


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