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Intelligence Support Activity (ISA)

The United States Army Intelligence Support Activity or USAISA has lots of nicknames - one of them is "The Activity". The organization was initially a part of the U.S. Army Intelligence and Security Command (INSCOM); it would later fall under the Joint Special Operations Command (JSOC). It's mission was to collect actionable intelligence overseas that could be used by other United States special operations forces.

Others Names. In keeping with the objective of remaining secret the ISA has been called a number of different names (a code names) to include Gray Fox, Field Operations Group (FOG), Task Force Orange, Mission Support Activity, and many others.

The ISA, or - at the time, FOG - was established to collect intelligence in Iran for a possible second rescue attempt of the hostages held in the U.S. embassy in Tehran in 1981. After the rescue attempt was cancelled and the hostages released FOG was continued and enlarged.

Personnel. Most, but not all personnel, are selected from the U.S. Army Special Forces ranks. The ISA has an very demanding selection course for those who seek to join the organization. Once selected the personnel are further schooled up in HUMINT and SIGINT procedures and skills.

Websites about the ISA

Intelligence Support Activity by WikipediA

Papers about the ISA

Richelson, Jeffrey T., "Truth Conquers All Chains": The U.S. Army Intelligence Support Activity, 1981-1989", International Journal of Intelligence, Vol. 12, No.2, 1999, pp. 168-200.



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