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Reserve Component Special Forces Groups - (RC SF) 

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Currently there are only two reserve component Special Forces Groups - both are in the Army National Guard. The 19th Special Forces Group is headquartered in Utah and the 20th Special Forces Group is headquartered in Alabama. Both NG SF groups have battalions and companies in several states across the country.

In the late 1960s through the mid 1990s there were two Army Reserve Special Forces groups. The 11th and 12th Special Forces Groups were based in several states with hqs in Maryland and Illinois respectively. The two USAR SF groups were disestablished in 1994 with several companies transferring to the 19th and 20th Special Forces Groups.

The 11th and 12th SF groups reported directed to the 97th and 86th Army Reserve Command. Beginning on December 1, 1989, the 11th and 12th SF Groups came under the control of the United States Army Reserve Special Operations Command (USARSOC). On November 26, 1990 USARSOC was redesignated as the Army Civil Affairs and Psychological Operations Command (USACAPOC). The reserve SF groups were aligned under the U.S. Army Special Forces Command (USASFC) and all Civil Affairs and PSYOP units under the USACAPOC as part of "The Total Army" concept.

Through the 1950s into the mid 1960s there were many 'official' and 'unofficial' Special Forces groups and detachments found throughout the Army Reserves and Army National Guard.

Most of the reserve component Special Forces groups were formed up in the late 1950s and early 1960s. Many of these groups were not fully filled with personnel - some containing only a company. Most of these RC groups were deactivated in 1966.

Army Reserve Special Forces Groups

300th FD Operational Detachment

301st FD Operational Detachment

302nd FD Operational Detachment

303rd FD Operational Detachment

2nd Special Forces Group

9th Special Forces Group

11th Special Forces Group

12th Special Forces Group

13th Special Forces Group

17th Special Forces Group

24th Special Forces Group

Army National Guard Special Forces Units

101st Special Forces Operational Detachment (FC)

102nd Special Forces Operational Detachment (FB)

16th Special Forces Group [1]

19th Special Forces Group

20th Special Forces Group

21st Special Forces Group

"Unofficial" SF Groups, [2]

4th Special Forces Group

14th Special Forces Group

15th Special Forces Group

18th Special Forces Group

22nd Special Forces Group

23rd Special Forces Group


[1] Based on a post by Chapter 68 of the Special Forces Association (West Virginia) the 16th Special Forces Group HQs was located in West Virginia.

[2] "Unofficial" SF groups were never officially activated within the U.S. Army. They were either in the U.S. Army Reserve or U.S. Army National Guard - without any U.S. Army authorization or oversight. The activation and deactivation dates of these groups are unavailable.



Forker, Jeff, "25 Special Forces Groups", The Drop, pages 32-36,Summer 2020

Kane, Michael A., A Partial History of ARNG Special Forces, SCRIBD, November 1, 2009.

RAND Corporation, National Guard Special Forces: Enhancing the Contributions of Reserve Component Army Special Operations Forces, Technical Report, 2012, PDF, 87 pages. Page 49 provides a brief history of the early reserve component Special Forces groups.

GAO, Special Operations Forces: Force Structure and Readiness Issues, Government Accountability Office, March 24, 1994, PDF, 58 pages.

USAJFKSWCS, "Reserve Component Special Operations Forces", Special Warfare Magazine, March 1992.

Morgan, LTC Wayne, USA, Reserve Component Special Forces Integration and Employment Models for the Operational Continuum, U.S. Army War College, Carlisle, PA, 1992, PDF, 59 pages.




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