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Francis Marion - "Swamp Fox"

During the Revolutionary War against the British Francis Marion employed irregular methods of warfare to confront the enemy. Marion was born in 1732 and died in 1795. He fought with the Continental Army and South Carolina militias during the Revolutionary War which lasted from 1775 to 1783 primarily in South Carolina.

Marion is considered to be one of the fathers of modern guerrilla warfare. He served in the French and Indian War. It was his experience in this conflict, principally against the Cherokee Indians, that guided his use of irregular tactics against the British.

Marion's small band of men, initially numbering less than a hundred, was locally recruited. His band served without pay and supplied their own horses and weapons. For a time his band of men were the only opposition to the British in South Carolina. Although small in number, his troops would conduct surprise raids that usually ended in a rapid withdrawal to avoid excessive caualties. He was extremely effective in interdicting the British lines of communicaton and supply. His band proved to be elusive and operated in the swamps of South Carolina - earning him the name of "Swamp Fox".

Due to his success in fighting the British Marion was commissioned a brigadier general. After the Revolutionary War he returned to his plantation and continued to engage in politics in South Carolina.


References

Francis Marion - Wikipedia
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Francis_Marion

The Swamp Fox - Smithsonian Magazine
https://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/the-swamp-fox-157330429/

Francis Marion "The Swamp Fox" - American Battlefield Trust
https://www.battlefields.org/learn/biographies/francis-marion

Francis Marion - National Park Service
https://www.nps.gov/people/francis-marion.htm

The Swamp Fox - Museum of the American Revolution
https://www.amrevmuseum.org/read-the-revolution/the-swamp-fox

 

 


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